Electrical & Engineering

This is a highly relevant, industrially based training course that will update the skills and knowledge of Technicians and Engineers alike. The training course is ‘hands-on’ using industry standard PLC’s in a simulated environment. Through this approach the delegate will progress from learning the fundamentals of PLC application to writing, debugging and finally designing their own programs. Radio and wire based telemetry systems, essential for an understanding of modern communication methods deployed in the field are also studied and explained. These are vital for a comprehensive understanding in their use with not only programmable controllers but any Instrumentation/Controller remote application.

The training course also includes a study of modern SCADA technologies. Again, together with a hands-on approach using a modern industrially compliant SCADA software package, the delegate will acquire new and updated skills essential in any fast moving industrial environment.


The training seminar is delivered via a series of mixed activities that will at times involve delegate participation. Theoretical content is delivered by informal lecture and discussion and supplemented where appropriate with tutorial sessions using worked examples. An important part of the training course is the hands-on aspect. Using industry-compliant software and PLCs, approximately a third of the total time will be devoted to practical activities. Delegates will acquire the skills and confidence to investigate, debug and where necessary modify and/or design their own control systems employing a PLC

This Peganix Electrical Drawings and Control Circuits training seminar will cover all the aspects with respect to electrical blueprint reading and tracing of circuits. This Peganix Electrical Engineering training seminar will familiarise engineers and technicians with the various standards and practices, in addition to an understanding on power flow and equipment installed.Electrical symbols, schematic and wiring diagrams facilitate the operations of the electrical installation equipment. Fitted diagrams and ladder diagrams will be presented to correlate with the electrical equipment installed. Tracing of electrical circuits with the relevant wiring diagrams will be demonstrated in this Peganix training seminar to ensure correct methods of troubleshooting. Electrical equipment and devices are vital in all electrical installation so as to ensure continuity and efficient operations. The primary and basic tool for troubleshooting and maintenance of an electrical installation is to understand and interpret electrical drawings and ladder diagrams.

This Peganix training seminar will highlight:

  • The interpretation and understanding of standard
    electrical symbols
  • The characteristics single line diagrams
  • The importance of ladder diagrams
  • Using diagrams for circuit tracing
  • Troubleshooting electrical system using diagrams

This 5-day course equips engineers with the knowledge and skills required for the operation, maintenance, and troubleshooting of high tension (HT) and low tension (LT) switchgear equipment. Participants will gain hands-on experience in inspection, testing, and maintenance procedures for various types of switchgear.

Target Audience

Engineers, technicians, and professionals involved in the operation and maintenance of HT/LT switchgears in power utilities, industries, commercial facilities etc.

Expected Outcomes

By the end of this course, participants will be able to:

  • Classify different types of HT and LT switchgears and their applications
  • Apply appropriate selection criteria for switchgears based on voltage, current, fault level etc.
  • Interpret design and construction standards for switchgears
  • Perform pre-commissioning checks and tests on switchgears
  • Follow safe operating and maintenance practices for switchgears
  • Diagnose and troubleshoot common switchgear faults
  • Carry out preventive and breakdown maintenance procedures
  • Perform insulation resistance, contact resistance and other tests on switchgears
  • Analyze switchgear failures based on case studies
Course Impact

The course will enable increased safety, reliability and longevity of switchgear assets through proper operation, maintenance and testing procedures. It will reduce switchgear downtime and faults through preventive maintenance and early diagnosis of problems.

Knowledge Gained

At the end of the course, participants will have gained well-rounded knowledge on:

  • Different types of HT/LT switchgears and their selection
  • Switchgear design, construction and commissioning
  • Safe operating and maintenance practices
  • Inspection and testing methods
  • Preventive and breakdown maintenance
  • Failure analysis and troubleshooting

The design, operation, maintenance and troubleshooting of a wide range of HVAC systems will be covered. This course starts with a quick review of psychrometry and representation and air conditioning processes on the psychometric chart. This is followed by a detailed discussion of the basic subsystems of any HVAC system, comprehensive coverage of various systems, and guidelines for selecting the most suitable HVAC system for various applications. Finally, a discussion of the operation and maintenance of various subsystems and components is presented, followed by an outline of the measurements and instrumentation used in HVAC system troubleshooting. 

After participating in this the course, you will be able to:

  • Apply and use psychometric to understand the design and operation of various HVAC systems
  • Recognize and understand the operation of a wide range of HVAC systems
  • Select and identify the most suitable HVAC system for various practical applications
  • Develop an outline of a complete HVAC system
  • Prepare a preventative and regular maintenance program for HVAC systems

This training course is designed to introduce candidates to the particular methods and techniques required to joint and terminate high voltage cables.

Who is the Course Suitable For?

This course is made for Cable Jointers, Electricians and Technicians and also suitable for engineers/supervisors who wish to have a greater understanding of what is involved in the application of cable accessories.

What’s Covered in the Course?

This course aims to introduce candidates to the correct methods involved in the preparation of high voltage polymeric cables prior to splicing or terminating the cables. The understanding of how to correctly strip and prepare a cable will enable the candidate to install almost any type of joint or termination by any manufacturer.


Switchgear (and circuit breakers) and transformers are critical components in electrical distribution systems and their operation significantly affects the overall performance of the system. This course will discuss the application, installation, maintenance and testing issues relating to medium and high voltage switchgear, circuit breakers and transformers. Low voltage switchgear will also be covered and you will receive a thorough grounding in switchgear theory and standards. Y ou will gain a solid understanding of the issues associated with the proper application, installation and maintenance of these critical items of equipment with an overriding emphasis on safety. The emphasis is on medium voltage (referred today as high voltage) switchgear which represents most of the switchgear installed on electrical distribution systems. The focus is on air blast, oil, SF6 and vacuum circuit breakers. Case studies covering the main manufacturers’ equipment will illustrate the important practical principles. Other power system protection components will be discussed as well to ensure that switchgear is understood in the correct context.

what you will learn:

By the end of this course you will be able to:

  • Describe the fundamentals of operating switchgear and circuit breakers
  • Select appropriate type and rating of circuit breakers and switchgear
  • Understand the operation of switchgear components (CTs, VTs, relays and cable terminations)
  • Manage power transformer breakdowns to minimise disruption
  • Describe the principles of operation of power transformers
  • Identify and apply the different transformer types
  • Set up simple transformer protection schemes
  • Detail power transformer testing procedures
  • Detail safe working procedures in switch rooms, indoor and outdoor substations
  • Draw up simple operational policies for safety rules
  • Detail practical maintenance strategies for switchgear and transformers

This low-voltage training programme is designed to introduce candidates to the specific methods and techniques required to joint and terminate live low-voltage cables up to (and including) 1000V (1kV). Under instruction from our low voltage training professionals, you will learn the correct methods involved in the preparation of live low voltage cables prior to jointing or terminating them. During the course, you will gain an understanding of how to correctly strip and prepare a cable, allowing you to install almost any type of joint or termination made by any manufacturer.

Who is the Course Suitable For?

This course is made for Cable Jointers, Electricians and Technicians and also suitable for engineers/supervisors who wish to have a greater understanding of what is involved in the application of cable accessories.

This Workshop explains typical switchgear maintenance, configurations and arrangements, typical problems encountered in the field and means of extending the life of HV/MV switchgear. The course also highlights training, safety considerations and provides practical guidance for operation, condition monitoring, maintenance and testing of HV/MV switchgear.

Switchgear, like many other types of industrial equipment, is often unnoticed and neglected until it fails to function normally. The level to which switchgear is maintained in industry varies significantly.

  • Maintenance levels at one extreme might involve ‘Condition Monitoring’ (Continuous Monitoring) of equipmentwith linear or rotating transducers.
  • At the other end of the spectrum, maintenance might only involve doing Periodic Maintenance Tasks (PMT), Inspections or even Major Maintenance Task (MOT).
  • One can also run equipment until it breaks down or even self destructs.
  • The vast majority of appropriate switchgear maintenance programs will fall somewhere in between these extremes.

This PEGANIX Electrical Distribution Equipment Operation and Maintenance training seminar will take a closer look at the equipment installed in and electrical installation. Safety, security and reliability are the main attributes of all electrical equipment installed. It has to be well designed, installed and commissioned. A well-planned maintenance regime is essential to ensure safe operations and trouble-free electrical operations. Competent workforce and sophisticated testing, measuring and diagnostic instruments are important to avoid system downtime. Distribution equipment plays an important role in the safe distribution of electrical power. Arc flash hazards analysis is vital to ensure that the equipment needs to be operated in a safe manner securing continuity of supply to consumers.

This PEGANIX training course focuses mainly on the operation and maintenance of distribution equipment like transformers, circuit breakers, protection relays and cables concerning auxiliary equipment necessary for its operation. This also includes new technologies incorporated in the transformers and circuit breakers.

This PEGANIX Electrical Engineering course will ensure participants’ understanding and importance of primary electrical distribution equipment and maintenance. The goals of each participant are discussed to ensure their needs are fulfilled as far as possible. Questions are encouraged throughout, particularly at the daily wrap-up sessions. This provides opportunities for participants to discuss specific issues and, if possible, find appropriate solutions. Case studies are employed to highlight particular points & appropriate video material is used to illustrate particular conditions.

This PEGANIX training seminar will highlight:

  • The importance and significance of maintenance
  • Understand the functions and purposes of choosing the correct test instruments
  • The severity of arc flashes and mitigation methods
  • Safe operations of circuit breakers and transformers
  • Principles of the electrical protection system

This training programme is unit standard-based and aligned and is an intermediate level (NQF level 5) technical report writing skills development offering. The programme effectively blends the theory and practice of technical report writing with practical application tools and techniques.


  • Practical, facilitated workshop
  • A combination of syndicate group discussions, diagnostic and gap analysis learning activities and practical writing exercises. The training programme will be intensive, but practical and highly interactive. Participants will participate actively and ask questions especially pertaining to specific problems.

At the conclusion of this programme, learners will be capacitated to write professional-looking, technical reports. The focus of this training programme will be on the following specific outcomes:

  • Gain knowledge in writing and delivering professional and technical documents with greater confidence, clarity and impact
  • Understand the steps involved in preparing a report from gathering the data to writing the rough draft
  • Gain insight into report styles and how to produce good reports

This course explains the need for the development of engineering drawings as part of the problem solving for the engineers and their relevance to the various departments of an engineering organization. It also explains the various steps involved in the development of drawings; their release and control with reference to the accepted standards. The course explains the various components of a drawing, the common information recorded on drawing and some simple rules pertaining to creation of engineering drawings. It also explains the procedures for planning the layout of a drawing and the concepts of scales, grid referencing and revision marking for drawings. The necessity of development of worldwide standards for drawing symbols, the necessity of development of company specific standards, the requirement of non-standard symbols by drawing offices, the purpose and applications of electrical line diagrams, the conventions and symbols used in line diagrams and provides examples and practical lessons for reading and interpretation of single line diagrams will be explained.

Course Objectives:

  • To provide the reader with an overview of the relevance of drawings in an engineering environment and the purpose served by different types of drawings.
  • To familiarize the reader briefly with the history of origin of worldwide standards in electro technology and also the standards and procedures usually followed by organizations for development and control of drawings.
  • To familiarize the reader with the common information recorded on an engineering drawing and the features of an engineering drawing
  • To familiarize the reader with the different sizes, scales, layouts and revision marking standards for engineering drawings
  • To familiarize the readers with the symbols used for drawings in electro technology as per international standards and also the common conventions for use of line types for various purposes and services.
  • To explain the need for development of company specific standards and the necessity of use of non-standard symbols at times
  • To familiarize the reader with the purpose and application of one line and three line diagrams.
  • To familiarize the readers with the techniques for preparation, reading and interpretation of single line diagrams with the help of practical examples and questionnaires
  • To familiarize the readers with the purpose and application of schematic diagrams.
  • To familiarize the readers with the techniques for reading and interpretation of practical examples of schematic diagrams spread over a number of sheets with cross-referencing between coils and contacts
  • To familiarize the readers with the basics of logic diagrams with their purpose and application.
  • To familiarize the readers with the techniques for understanding and interpreting logic diagrams
  • To familiarize the readers with the purpose and application of different types of cabling and wiring diagrams.
  • To familiarize the readers with examples of various types of cabling diagrams
  • To familiarize the readers with the purpose and application of different types of electrical layouts such as electrical floor plans, lighting layouts, earthing layouts
  • To familiarize the readers with examples of various types of electrical layout plans, drawings and schedules.

Principles of ARC Extinction & Alternatives to SF6 Gas Circuit Breakers.

This Peganix Advanced Circuit Breaker Operations and Maintenance training seminar begin with the fundamental principles of arc extinction with the progression of incorporating green gas resulting in the reduction of global warming potential and reduction of carbon footprint.
Circuit breakers play an important role in the safe distribution of electrical power. The equipment needs to be operated, maintained and installed in a safe manner securing continuity of supply to consumers. Circuit switchers have been developed to overcome some of the limitations of fusing for substation power transformers. The method or arc extinction determines the types of circuit breaker.
Hybrid circuit breakers, and state of the art high voltage circuit breakers incorporating alternatives to sulphur hexafluoride are the more efficient and safe for the environment. Higher ratings for high voltage vacuum circuit breaker are commonly installed today.
This Peganix training seminar will highlight:

  • Electric power systems are designed to be as fault-free as possible through appropriate network design, equipment design, proper installation and ongoing maintenance
  • The Circuit breaker and its associated fault detection equipment, protective relaying, is an extremely important device, through its role of clearing short-circuit currents, disconnecting faulty elements from the power network, and thus maintaining the overall integrity of the power network
  • The characteristics of hybrid high voltage circuit breaker and operations
  • The introduction of new types of green gas and clean air as the state of the art arc quenching medium in high voltage circuit breakers
  • Minimizing downtime by a proper and systematic maintenance program

The course covers the special knowledge and skills needed for the efficient implementation of safe and economical electrical distribution projects. Through interaction with your instructor and fellow participants, you will learn about planning and design considerations, overhead conductors, structure types and loading, fault protection coordination, arc flash, system grounding and electrical and mechanical characteristics of cables. Topics also covered include designs and ratings of distribution transformers, capacitors ratings and types, protection in distribution systems, and distributed generation. Your learning experience will include group discussions of specific situations.

Course Outline:

  1. General Planning and Design Considerations
  2. Substation Components
  3. Conductors
  4. Cable Construction, Standards and Specifications
  5. Pole Structure, Type, and Design
  6. Power Systems Studies
  7. Arc Flash
  8. Grounding and Distributed Generation
  9. Capacitors
  10. Pad-mounted Distribution Transformers